What Country is Amsterdam In?

Where is Amsterdam

Wondering where is Amsterdam? If you ask people, you may get two answers, one is Netherlands and the other is Amsterdam. It is located in the Netherlands and it is the capital of the country. If you are wondering where it’s located on the map of the world, then it is located at the 52°22′ North Latitude and 4°53′ East Longitude.

Some people mistakenly call Netherlands Holland. However, only the central part of the country is named Holland. It consists of two provinces North Holland and South Holland. And Amsterdam lies in the North Holland along with other cities like Haarlem, The Hague, Delft, Rotterdam and Leiden. The Hague is also mistakenly considered the capital of the Netherlands as the Dutch government operates from there. But that’s not the case. Amsterdam is known to be the cultural capital of the country as it is home to the biggest of museums, leading universities, orchestra and even national newspapers. That’s not the only reason why Amsterdam is famous. It’s also the economic hub and a popular tourist destination. Each year, 4 million tourists come to the city to explore its architecture, canals, museums and have a little taste of the culture.

History

The city has a population of 1,351,587 in the urban area and 2,410,960 in the metropolitan area. The name of was derived from ‘Amsterlredamme’. It was in the late 12th century when the city originated in the form of a small fishing village. Now, it has become one of the leading ports of the world. During the 17th century, the city was known for trading diamonds and finance. The city further expanded in the 19th and 20th century as a number of suburbs were built during that time. As Amsterdam is the commercial capital of the Netherlands, it falls is the list of the top financial centers in Europe.

Canals

Amsterdam has more than 60 miles of canals and you can navigate them by boat (most of them). Herengracht, Keizersgracht and Prinsengracht are three of the major canals. Many compare the city with Venice because it divides into 90 islands connected by 1,200 bridges.

Climate

The city has an oceanic climate because of the North Sea in the West. Summers and winters are both mild. Sometimes, winters can get quite cold.

Economy

Amsterdam has turned into the business and financial capital of the country. A number of large banks and large corporations are headquartered in the city.

Tourism

Mostly, Europeans are the ones who love to visit the city each year. Most of the top hotels are located at the center of the city. Majority of the non-European tourists come from the United States. The city has year themes which attract even more tourists. During these years, hotels offer special activities and arrangements for the tourists.

The main attractions in the city include Anne Frank House, Stedelijk Museum, Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam Museum, Hermitage Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, and red light district and cannabis coffee shops. You will be amazed to know that the city has 50 museums each one unique in its architecture.

Culture

Amsterdam enjoys a rich culture because of its diverse population. The people who live, work, study and visit the city have made it multi-faced. Apart from its museums, it has a number of art galleries and it also hosts a number of music festivals which are admired by people all over the world. It is said no matter what kind of entertainment you are seeking for; you are going to find it here in Amsterdam. One of the most famous festivals in the city is the Amsterdam Literary Festival. It is held at the end of May each year for book writers. Poets, screenwriters and novelists hold panel discussions on the topics of their interest.  Book lovers are very fond of this festival because it gives you the opportunity to talk to your favorite international writer in person and have your book signed. Holland festival is another famous festival in Amsterdam known for performing arts. Theatre, opera, modern dance and music are a part of this event. It is held in June each year.

Time zone

Amsterdam operates on the Central European Time.

Interesting Facts about Amsterdam

  • There is only one royal palace in the city and it’s called The Royal Palace, located on the Dam square. The interesting thing is that it was not constructed as a Palace. The palace was originally owned by the city council. It served as a town hall for about 150 years. Then it was converted into a palace in 1806 by Louis Napoleon when he was declared the king of Holland. Now, it serves as the grand city hall of Dutch capital.
  • Schiphol, the Amsterdam airport lies four meters under sea level. This is because the inhabitants of the city dug the land for heating their houses in the old days.
  • Most of the houses in Amsterdam are built on wooden poles. Most of them were drilled in the 17th That is probably why many of the houses look crooked and they lean sideways.
  • There are more women in the city than men.
  • There are a number of theories but nobody knows is certain what the 3 St. Andrew’s crosses on the coat arms of Amsterdam represent. Some people say that the Xs represent 3 main dangers associated with living in Dutch capital during the early times i.e. fire, flood and Black Death.
  • Most of the people in Amsterdam are bilingual. Apart from knowing Dutch, they can fluently speak English and a number of other languages. The reason why Dutch people understand English is because both these languages are closely related.
  • You will find 8 strange eight statues in the city created by anonymous sculptors. It is said that these artworks are mostly a tribute to the sex workers.

Now that you know where is Amsterdam located and what the city is all about, you can easily plan a visit. Make sure you attend some of its festivals. Whoever comes to Amsterdam has not regretted the visit.

 

Sources: Telegraph and Amsterdam.info

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