How Many Countries Are in Europe?

EU flag

There are 50 independent countries in the European continent. Europe is the continent bordered in the North by the Arctic Ocean. At the South lies the Mediterranean Sea and at the Eastern Border rests the Atlantic Ocean. Many people confuse the European Union with Europe itself. Not all the European countries are a part of the European Union. In case you are wondering how many countries in the EU list, then this piece of writing will give you all the information you need. The continent of Europe consists of 50 countries and 5 territories. Some of these countries have their territories in both Europe and Asia. Russia, Georgia, Turkey, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan are called the transcontinental countries because they have their countries’ portions joining multiple continents. Here is a list of top 10 EU countries:

  1. Spain

Spain is home to 17 autonomous regions each known for diverse geography and culture.  It is the largest country in Southern Europe with the area of 505,990 km square. The country has a life expectancy of 82 years and women live longer than men. Did you know Spain produces half of the world’s olive oil? Most of it comes from Andalusia. Spain is also known as the first country in the world where electricity was largely produced through wind power. Hundreds of festivals are celebrated throughout the year. “Romería de Nuesra Señora de le Cabeza” is the festival that has been held for 800 years.

  1. Netherlands

Netherlands lie in the Northwestern Europe and it is well known for tulip fields, landscape of canals, and windmills. The word ‘Netherlands’ means ‘lower countries’. The country got its name from the low land and flat geography. 50 percent of the land exceeds just a meter above the sea level. As per the UN World Happiness Report, Netherlands is ranked to be the 6th happiest country in the world. Over 1000 windmills have been standing in the country from 1850 constructed for the purpose of irrigation and grinding grain. 80% of the flower bulbs of the world come from Netherlands and hence why it’s known to be the leading tulip exporter in the world.

  1. Italy

Italy lies along the Mediterranean coastline which is why western culture and cuisine is quite dominant here. Italy comes from a root word meaning the ‘land of young cattle’. Some say the name comes from ‘Italus’ the Early King while others say it comes from the bull symbol from the early Southern Italian tribes. The population of the country is 10 times higher than the population of Arizona even though both states are of the same size. 60% of the income of the country comes from tourism as each year 50 million tourists visit Italy.

  1. Belgium

Belgium lies in the Western Europe and it is famous for its medieval towns, architecture and NATO plus European Union headquarters. Cricket was invented by Belgian not British.  Immigrants from North Belgium imported the game to Britain. Belgian men are ranked as the second tallest in the world with an average height of 181.7 cm. The first skyscraper of Europe called Torengebouw was built in Belgium in 1928.

  1. Croatia

Croatia lies at the Eastern Europe having a long coastline on Adriatic sea. The size of the country is the same as that of West Virginia. One-third of the land of the country is forested. The climate of the country is moderately warm. The Per Capita income here is $12,405 per year hence why the country is called the upper-middle income economy.

  1. Germany

Germany is famous for its forests, mountain ranges, rivers and, of course, the North Sea beaches. It is home to 16 constituent states covering the area of 357,021 square kilometers. After United States, Germany is ranked the 2nd most popular immigration destination in the world. It has an outstanding economy. It is ranked as the country with the 4th largest economy. The healthcare system, environmental protection and social security benefits make the standard of living high. On top it all, the university education is free.

  1. Denmark

Denmark, the Scandinavian country, is home to Jutland Peninsula and a number of other islands. The total area of the country is 42,924 kilometer square with a population of 5.75 million. The standard of living in the country is highest. It is also known as the happiest country in the world. The best thing about Denmark is that it has the lowest level of perceived corruption and its Per Capita Income is also great.

  1. Ireland

Ireland lies in the North Atlantic. It is politically divided between Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, which is a part of UK. The country has a population of 6.4 million, which makes it the 2nd most populous island in Europe after Great Britain. Its geography mostly comprises of low-lying mountains surrounded by several rivers.  Along with western culture, the Irish culture seems to be dominant on music, language and games. Some of the cultural influences of the Great Britain also prevail.

  1. United Kingdom

UK as we all know consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It also includes the Island of Great Britain. It is the birthplace of Shakespeare and The Beatles. The country has the 5th largest economy in the world. More than 300 languages are spoken in London. Did you know soccer (also called football) got its start in England?

  1. France

France lies in the west of Europe and it is home to Mediterranean beaches, alpine villages and medieval cities. The country is famous for its cuisine and wines. It is the largest country in EU with an area of 551,000 square kilometers. It is weird but in France, you are legally allowed to marry a dead person.

The list of European countries just goes on, but on the basis of popularity, we have chosen only these 10. This does not make the remaining 40 any less important. Each one of them has its own ranking in the world.

Rank European Countries Capital Population
1 Spain Madrid 47,059,533
2 Netherlands Amsterdam 16,902,103
3 Italy Rome 60,655,464
4 Belgium Brussels 11,007,785
5 Croatia Zagreb 4,437,460
6 Germany Berlin 80,716,124
7 Denmark Copenhagen 5,564,219
8 Ireland Dublin 4,234,925
9 United Kingdom London 65,110,274
10 France Paris 66,104,554

EU countries list:

How many countries are in EU? Following is the list of countries that fall in Schengen area:

Countries Capital Population (m) (2016)
1.       Austria Vienna 8.747
2.       Belgium Brussels 11.35
3.       Czech Republic Prague 10.56
4.       Denmark Copenhagen 5.731
5.       Estonia Tallinn 1.316
6.       Finland Helsinki 5.495
7.       France Paris 66.9
8.       Germany Berlin 82.67
9.       Greece Athens 10.57
10.   Hungary Budapest 9.818
11.   Iceland Reykjavik 334,252
12.   Italy Rome 60.6
13.   Latvia Riga 1.96
14.   Liechtenstein Vaduz 37,666 k*
15.   Lithuania Vilnius 2.872
16.   Luxembourg Luxembourg City 0. 582
17.   Malta Valletta 0. 436
18.   Netherlands Amsterdam 17.02
19.   Norway Oslo 5.233
20.   Poland Warsaw 37.95
21.   Portugal Lisbon 10.32
22.   Slovakia Bratislava 5.429
23.   Slovenia Ljubljana 2.065
24.   Spain Madrid 46.56
25.   Sweden Stockholm 9.903
26.   Switzerland Bern 8.372

Applicant countries:

Following is the list of countries that are on the course of integrating with the EU:

  1. Albania
  2. Montenegro
  3. Serbia
  4. The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  5. Turkey

Potential candidates:

These countries don’t fulfill the requirements for European Union membership:

  1. Bosnia and Herzegovina
  2. Kosovo

Other countries in European continent are follows:

  1. Andorra
  2. Armenia
  3. Azerbaijan
  4. Belarus
  5. Georgia
  6. Iceland
  7. Liechtenstein
  8. Moldova
  9. Monaco
  10. Norway
  11. Russia
  12. San Marino
  13. Switzerland
  14. Ukraine
  15. Vatican City

Map of Europe

Map of Europe

Source: europa.eu
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