Maintaining an army and military forces is pretty expensive in today’s world which is why there are still many countries that have no army. Today, it is due to the armed strength of a country that defines how powerful and strong any country is which is why most countries spend bulks on their army whereas, there are some nations that have no military due to variable reasons. To understand which country does not have army and why, check the list below.
Countries without Army
Andorra is a small landlocked country which has no military of its own and believes to continue doing so as some basic parliamentary duties and law and order situations are performed by the police. But still, one must wonder how a country without military would survive if in case of any threat or war; well, Andorra receives protection from bordering nations like France and Spain under military treaties (army-technology). Andorra also has a small volunteer military army but that is just for the sake of ceremonial purposes.
2. Costa Rica
Since 1948, Costa Rica is a country with no army. After the victory in the civil war in 1948, the country abolished its military. It also celebrates its Army Abolition Day every year on December 1st. Even though Costa Rica has some border issues with Nicaragua, it still has no army. The internal and external security issues of the country are currently dealt by the police.
3. Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands is also one of those countries that is run without a military protection. A police force of about 500 personnel provides protection and security to the border and country. The police force is also responsible for disaster relief, maritime surveillance and fire service duties. The training to these police officers is given by the US Coast Guard. Although initially, Solomon Islands did have an army of its own but a heavy ethnic conflict that forced New Zealand and Australia to intervene in between, the country stopped maintaining an army of its own.
4. St. Lucia
Like other Caribbean countries, St. Lucia also doesn’t carry an army of its own and is guarded by the Regional Security System Defense that is responsible for almost all the Caribbean countries. The police, also known as the Royal Saint Lucia Police Force maintain peace within the country
The only forces that are permitted to take charge for the country are the police. Palau has a 30 man Maritime Surveillance Unit that has been held responsible for the internal security. Australia has donated a boat to the country and provides crew the desired training. Whereas, defense assistance is provided by the United States under the Compact of Free Association.
Since becoming independent from New Zealand and building its own foundation as a country, Samoa has no army of its own. The border protection and internal security of the country is managed by the police forces like any other country with no military along with the close cooperation with defense forces of New Zealand. In other words, according to the 1962 pact of relationship, the defense of the country is held responsible by New Zealand.
7. Federated States of Micronesia
The Federated States of Micronesia maintains no military army but under a cooperative relationship with the country by the US, they take full responsibility and authority for the security and defense of Federate States of Micronesia. Besides the US being responsible for the peace in the country, a small federation national police also known as the FSM National Police handles the internal peace and security within the nation.
Mauritius is another nation that comes under the list of countries without army. Although it doesn’t have a military of its own, it still manages to keep peace within the country through active police personnel of around 10,000 which is very much responsible for the military, police and other security functions needed by any country. It works under the command of Commissioner of Police.
9. St. Vincent and the Grenadines
St. Vincent and the Grenadines is another Caribbean country that also works without the support of an army. Just like other Caribbean nations as mentioned earlier, it also seeks help and protection from the Regional Security System.
Since 1981, Dominica doesn’t have an army of its own. The Regional Security System is responsible for the defense of the country. Ironically, it was due to the attempted military coup that Dominica eliminated its military for life. Like other countries in this list, the police is responsible for internal security affairs.
Military coups were pretty common in Haiti before 1995. More than a dozen of internal conflicts and army coups forced the government to break the army. Although, the rebels have demanded to recreate the military in Haiti.
It is surprising to see Iceland on the list to not have an army. Iceland is that country which is functioning well without military forces since 1869. It is a member of NATO and contains defense agreements with the United States hence, all the responsibility to maintain security within the nation lies with US.
Kiribati is a small country that is actually the main place of three islands; the Phoenix Islands, the Gilbert Islands and the Line Islands. It possesses no such army of its own and seeks defense assistance from New Zealand and Australia when required.
Liechtenstein has no army of its own since 1868. Initially, the nation did possess an army but abolished due to high cost of maintaining one. The nation still does have a provision for creating an army in the case of war but thankfully there has been no such situation that has occurred yet.
Monaco is that state which refused its military investment back in the 17th century. Interestingly, Monaco does have two small military units of which one is responsible for protecting the prince while the other for the civilians. France is responsible for the country’s defense.
There are total 23 countries in the world that have no army on its own. Besides the above mentioned 15 countries, the remaining that possess no military are; the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Panama, San Marino, Tuvalu, Vanuatu and the Vatican City (theatlantic). Although in today’s world, it is a must for every nation to maintain its own military and not rely on others due to unforeseen events that may occur with anyone at any time.